Classes of Pension: Study Material for LDCE

1. Superannuation Pension
This is granted to a Government servant who is retired on his attaining the age of superannuation i.e., 60 years in the case of all categories of employees. A Government servant retires on the afternoon of the last day of the month in which he attains the age of 60. In cases his date of birth falls on the 1st of the month,
then he will retire on the last date of the previous month. [Rule 35]

For Example, if there are 4 Government servants A, B, C & D whose dates of birth are 1st July, 1943, 2nd July, 1943, 23 rd July, 1943 & 31st July, 1943 respectively, then Shri A shall retire on superannuation on 30th June, 2003 while Shri B, Shri C & Shri D shall retire on 31st July, 2003 in case where the age of superannuation is 60 years.

2. Retiring Pension
It is available to a government servant who retires or is retired in advance of the age of superannuation. Date of retirement is usually on the expiry of notice period which need not necessarily synchronize with the last date of the month.  Rule 48 and FR-56 contemplate situation where Government can retire its personnel on completion of the age of 50/55 years or 30 years of service. Government servant also has a reciprocal
right to retire voluntarily under these rules.

3. Voluntary Retirement after 20 years of Qualifying Service
A government servant who seeks voluntary retirement after completion of 20 years of Qualifying Service gets an additional weightage in Qualifying Service upto five years subject to the condition that after the weightage total Qualifying Service should not exceed 33 years and it should not take him beyond the normal age of superannuation of 60 years. [Rule 48-A]

4. Invalid Pension
This is granted to a government servant who is permanently incapacitated either physically or mentally. The government servant has to get a medical certificate on the prescribed form (Form 23) from the competent authority with full knowledge of the Head of the Office. [Rule 38]
In case of where the Medical authority declares that the Government servant is completely and permanently incapacitated for further service of any kind in the Department to which he belongs in consequence of disease or cause mentioned, he shall be retired.
Where the Medical Authority has declared a Government servant fit for further service of less laborious character than that which he had been doing. He should be provided if he is willing to be so employed, be employed on lower post and if there be no means of employing him even on a lower post, he may be admitted to invalid pension. [Rule 38]

There is also special provision in Clause (c) of rule 49 of CCS(Pension) Rules, that the amount of invalid pension shall not be less than the amount of family pension admissible i.e., 30/100 of last pay drawn.

5. Compensation Pension
This is granted when the permanent post of a Government servant is abolished and it is not possible to appoint him in any other post the conditions of which are deemed to be equal to the one held by the government servant and he does not opt for another appointment or such post as may be offered to him.
[Rule 39]

6. Pension on absorption in Public Sector Undertaking
This is granted to a Government servant who is permanently absorbed by the PSUs or Autonomous Bodies. Such a government servant can opt to receive pro-rata retirement benefits rendered under Central Government or those benefits of combined service under the Government in the Autonomous Body.
[Rule 37]

7. Compulsory Retirement Pension
This is admissible to a Government servant who is retired as a measure of penalty by the competent authority. The amount of this Pension or Gratuity or both shall not be less than two-third and not more than full compensation pension that could be sanctioned to a Government servant on the date of such retirement. Date of retirement is the date on which penalty becomes effective. [Rule 40]

8. Compassionate Allowance
This is available to a Government servant who is dismissed or removed from the service and forfeits his pension and gratuity. The authority competent to dismiss or remove him from service may in consideration of deserving cases, sanction a compassionate allowance not exceeding two-thirds of pension or gratuity or both which he would have got had he retired on compensation pension and should not be less than Rs.1,275/- (pre-revised). [Rule 41]


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